Jesus was brought to the hill Golgotha (or Calvary), to be crucified. He had been convicted innocently. He Himself did not commit any sin at all; even fulfilled the law of God in the required and perfect way. The overwhelming miracle of God’s grace is that Jesus, the Son of God, wanted to bear God’s wrath of sin in our place. Man had sinned and the justice of God demanded man to be punished for sin. That is why Jesus had to become a human being, while remaining God at the same time.
'For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement, through the shedding of his blood- to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished'. Romans 3:23-26.
'... that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting people's sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation. We are therefore Christ's ambassadors, as though God were making his appeal through us. We implore you on Christ's behalf: Be reconciled to God. God made Him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. 2 Cor. 5:19-22.
Jesus died a cursed death, to release us from the curse:
'Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: 'Cursed is everyone who is hung on a pole.Gal. 3:13, Deut. 21:23
Jesus humiliated Himself to suffer in our place. Phil. 4:8
He gave his life voluntarily. John 10:18 Psalm 40: 8,9
He endured rejection, defamation and reproach for our sake. Isa 53:3-9, Psalm 22:1-23. Psalm 69: 4,5,21.
Not only was He convicted innocently, He also was insulted, despised, spat at, mocked, beaten, whipped, undressed, nailed to the cross, crushed and forsaken by God. Out of love He took our guilt, to save us from death and hell. John 3:16. When Jesus gave up His spirit in His Father’s hands and died, the (very thick) curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. That curtain had closed the entrance to the Holy of Holies. Only the high priest was allowed to enter that most holy part of the temple once a year, to make atonement for the sin of the people with sacrificial blood. The perfect sacrifice of Jesus has opened the entrance to the heavenly sanctuary for everyone who repents and believes in Him. Isa 59:2,16. Heb. 10:19,20, John 14:6.
In the time of Moses, the mediator of the Old covenant, the bodies of the animals that were sacrified as a sin offering were burnt outside the camp. Jesus was crucified outside the walls of Jerusalem as a sin offering for our sin. Heb.13:11-16. He is the Mediator of the New Covenant. In the heavenly sanctuary, in the presence of His Father He pleads for us on the basis of the blood shed by Him. Heb. 9:15.
Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!' John 1:29. He was the sacrificial lamb without blemish. Ex. 12:5. Gen. 22:8
From the prophecies quoted above, it becomes clear that the atoning death of Jesus has been foretold long in advance. In the rendition of His suffering and death in the four gospels, the expression:'that the Scripture might be fulfilled...' is used frquently.
'For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that He was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures' 1 Cor. 15:3-5
Also see: Gen. 3:15, Zech. 13:7, Psalm 118:22,23, Dan. 9:26.
The Lord is true to His Word!