Full bible text
Joshua 5 verse 13 to 15 and Joshua 6 verse 1 to 5.
13 ‘When Joshua was by Jericho, he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, a man was standing before him with his drawn sword in his hand. And Joshua went to him and said to him, “Are you for us, or for our adversaries?” 14 And he said, “No; but I am the commander of the army of the Lord. Now I have come.” And Joshua fell on his face to the earth and worshiped and said to him, “What does my lord say to his servant?” 15 And the commander of the Lord's army said to Joshua, “Take off your sandals from your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy.” And Joshua did so’.
1 ‘Now Jericho was shut up inside and outside because of the people of Israel. None went out, and none came in. 2 And the Lord said to Joshua, “See, I have given Jericho into your hand, with its king and mighty men of valor. 3 You shall march around the city, all the men of war going around the city once. Thus shall you do for six days. 4 Seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark. On the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets. 5 And when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, when you hear the sound of the trumpet, then all the people shall shout with a great shout, and the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people shall go up, everyone straight before him.’
About this painting
Now the people stand before Jericho, city in the palm-rich Jordan plain. The double-walled city has to be captured if the people want to be able to move further into the country via the nearby mountain pass. Then Joshua the Angel of the Lord / Commander of the LORD’s army appears. He instructs Joshua. He is the real Commander in this battle.
In faith and trust in the Lord, the people are to follow His instructions for seven days. Faith and patience are tested.
The Ark of the Covenant is to be carried, a sign that the LORD is in their midst. On the seventh day the walls fall, the Israelites kill the inhabitants of Jericho except Rahab and her family, and burn the city. Read Joshua 6 in its entirety.
Rahab had hidden the spies of the Israelites, so now her life is spared. See Joshua 2 verse 14.and Hebrews 11 verse 31.
At the time, Jericho covered an area of approximately 350x600 meters. The walls were about 2 meters thick. The lower part -about 5 meters high- of such a wall consisted of natural stone, on which a wall of mudbrick was placed. The outer wall was about 12 meters high in total. Between the walls was a rising plateau, on which also stood a number of houses. Probably Rahab’s house too.
The inner wall, built in the same way as the outer, reached a height of about 15 meters, measured from the place outside the walls.
Archeological excavations show that part of the wall has remained o the north side. Rahab’s house probably stood there. Rahab is mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus Christ. Matthew 1 verse 5.
Joshua is a prefiguration or type of Jesus. Both names have the same meaning: ‘JAHWEH saves’. Under Joshua’s direction, the Promised Land could only be entered through faith and trust in God. The unbelieving fathers had died in the wilderness. Thus, the Kingdom of God can only be entered through faith in Jesus Christ, who brings His people into true rest.
Hebrews 4 verse 6 to 9:
6 ‘Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly received the good news failed to enter because of disobedience, 7 again he appoints a certain day, “Today,” saying through David so long afterward, in the words already quoted,“Today, if you hear his voice,
do not harden your hearts.” 8 For if Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken of another day later on. 9 So then, there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God,’
Matthew 11 verse 28 : ‘Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest’.
Joshua represented grace as Moses represented the law.
Jesus opened the age of grace, which follows the rule of law. John 1 verse 17. Romans 8 verse 3 and 4. Hebrews 7 verse 18 and 19. Galatians 3 verse 23 to 25.
At the behest of God, Joshua was appointed by Moses as the new leader of the Israelites. Numbers 27. Under the leadership of Joshua, the people crossed the Jordan River into the Promised Land. God miraculously held back the waters of the Jordan, so that the people could cross the riverbed dry-footed.